With rising cancer cases and thousands of people dying from the disease every year, oncology has incorporated precision and personalised medicine more quickly than other fields of medicine. Precision and personalised medicine is a customised medicine that allows treatment to be adjusted to each patient depending on various aspects such as genetics and environmental factors.
Typically, physicians apply a standardised treatment to individuals diagnosed with the same disease type. This may help some patients but can cause complications in others. Many new precision medicine technologies and research involve collecting large sets of data, next-generation sequencing and artificial intelligence.