The global population has been steadily ageing for the past 100 years and it is now estimated that at least 10% of the people alive today will live to be 100 years old. Despite major advances in technology for the treatment of disease, little has been done to address the changing demographics of today’s society.
Medical advances, in combination with changes in lifestyle, have significantly increased average life expectancies. However, standards and quality of life during the extended years of later life are commonly less than acceptable. Although a range of health support mechanisms are available, they are under increasing pressure.